Runet users will be punished not only for extremist, but also for fake content. On March 7, draft law No. 606593-7 (On Amendments to Article 15-3 of the Federal Law “On Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection”) was adopted by the State Duma in the third and final reading and sent to the Federation Council.
In parallel, the third reading passed the bill, which implies punishment for publications with obvious disrespect for the authorities and state symbols. The authors of both documents are a group of parliamentarians headed by Senator Andrei Klishas. It is he who promotes the sovereign runet law that has made a lot of noise. The actions of the official so outraged the particularly enterprising users that they even organized a petition about his resignation (she did not have much effect).
We hurry to reassure particularly cautious readers: despite the approval of the State Duma, the law has not yet entered into force. This will happen 10 days after its publication in official sources, in accordance with clause 2.1 of the Procedure for the entry into force of regulatory legal acts. This is preceded by the passage of the law in the Federation Council and the President of the Russian Federation. So while you can relax - no one is judged or fined. But as they say, forewarned is forearmed.
How the fake news law works
They will punish everyone - both legal entities, which are all news media, and ordinary citizens. Sanctions involve blocking a resource with fake information, be it a whole site or a separate page on the social network. Also fake distributors punish with ruble:
- The first violation will cost individuals up to 100 thousand rubles, legal entities - up to 500. The court determines the amount of the fine.
- If the publication of fake news turned into serious consequences, such as death of a person or injury to health or property, the fine for natural persons rises to 400,000 rubles, legal entities - 1.5 million.
According to the new law, a court decision is not required to block a resource. It looks like this:
- The Prosecutor General's Office sends an order to Roskomnadzor to impose sanctions on the resource.
- ILV urgently requires (during the day) to remove fake information.
- If the requirements are not met, the RKN blocks the resource.
The forest nurses themselves will be indifferent to users of the information purity of the RuNet. For example, "VKontakte" has already appeared a new reason for complaining about the publication - "Introducing deception". Information about misinformation quickly reach the right bodies. As for sites, they can be complained directly to Roskomnadzor.
The adoption of new laws is expected to cause a new wave of discontent. Representatives of the Council for the Development of Civil Society and Human Rights (HRC) have already appealed to the Council of Federation to send the texts of newly adopted documents for revision. And in the editorial office of the Ekaterinburg mass media, “TochkaNews” has already trampled on the legislators by sending an official request to the press service of the State Duma regarding the news on the resurrection of Christ.
What is "socially significant information"?
According to the provisions of the law, the sanctions are not laid for any fake information, but only for socially significant. In other words, if you write on your page "Maria P - a fallen woman", this post does not fall within the legal framework of the law on fake news (but under the law on slander - completely). We have clarified with the lawyer what information can be considered socially significant.
Information that may entail the threat of harm to life, health and property of citizens, objects of transport and social infrastructure, credit organizations is considered socially significant. That is, any information that can adversely affect the sensitive area of the state’s life can be included here.
This is a normal solution. Imagine what harm would have caused the flow of fake news about the problems in the work of Sberbank, for example. Will begin the outflow of customers who against the background of the hype will begin to take their deposits. Due to falling capitalization, the bank will fall into the risk group due to the impossibility of fulfilling financial obligations to customers.
What is important is not the law, but its application in practice. The version that was adopted on March 7 is most likely not final. There will be judicial practice, on the basis of which the law is transformed. In general, such a law is definitely needed. His performance will only harm the HYIP media, which live off of fake news.
Now you know what exactly you shouldn’t write on your websites and personal pages. We will follow the news and inform you about significant changes in the law.
By the way, a contest is being held in our group on VKontakte. You can win a detailed technical audit from Alexander Belov, TexTerra project director.